I’m reading Hayao Miyazaki’s Starting Point 1979-1996. In discussing the difference between Asian manga and European tradition he talks about how Asians see in line, Europeans see in light. Culturally it’s just built into the foundation of art that one side sees line, one side see light. Modernism brought line and shape into Western culture. Perhaps Matisse instead of Picasso brought line into the culture. Cartooning uses line because of printing but when it gets serious it paints with pseudo-light. At one time with the limitations of printing comics could be almost abstract, flat colors for a whole figure, in the digital age the reverse for the serious comics is true they must be rendered and rendered and rendered.